Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Critics, including Russianbloggers

Critics, including Russianbloggers, panned the logo for being too simplistic and lacking any real symbolism; Guo Chunning, designer of the 2008 Summer Olympics emblem Dancing Beijing, criticized the logo for its lack of detail, and believed it should have contained more elements that represented winter and Russia's national identity, aside from its blue color scheme and its use of .ru, the top-level domain of Russia.[19] HP 646578-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Games' official slogan, "Hot.Cool.Yours." ("Жаркие.Зимние.Твои." in Russian) was unveiled on September 25, 2012 to mark the 500-day milestone before the Opening Ceremony. Presenting the slogan, SOC president Dmitry Chernyshenko explained that it represented the "passion" of the Games' athletes, the climate of Sochi itself, and a sense of inclusion and belonging. HP Pavilion dv5-1020et Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Russian-language version of the slogan uses words that can be translated as "heated" and "wintry", a more accurate reflection of Chernyshenko's explanation than the simpler terms used by the English slogan, which is intended to emphasize the "hot" coastal climate and "cool" mountain climate of the Games. For the first time in Olympic history, a public vote was held to decide the mascots for the 2014 Winter Olympics; HP Pavilion dv5030 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan the 10 finalists, along with the results, were unveiled during live specials on Channel One. On 26 February 2011, the official mascots were unveiled, consisting of a polar bear, a snow hare, and an snow leopard. The initial rounds consisted of online voting among submissions, while the final round involved text messaging.[22][23][24] Compaq Presario CQ61-416EG CPU Fan A satirical mascot known as Zoich (its name being an interpretation of the stylized "2014" lettering from the Games' emblem as a cyrillic word), a fuzzy blue frog with hypnotic multi-coloured rings (sharing the colors of the Olympic rings) on his eyeballs and the Imperial Crown ("to remind about statehood and spirituality"), proved popular in initial rounds of online voting, and became a local internet meme among Russians HP 532614-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan (with some comparing it to Futurama's "Hypnotoad"). Despite its popularity, Zoich did not qualify for the final round of voting, with its creator, political cartoonist Egor Zhgun, claiming that organizers were refusing to respect public opinion. However, it was later revealed that Zoich was deliberately plantedby organizers to help virally promote the online mascot vote. HP Pavilion dv5-1020et Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The official Olympic video game is the fourth game in the Mario & Sonic series, Mario & Sonic at the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games. It was released byNintendo for the Wii U on 8 November 2013 in Europe, and 15 November 2013 in North America.[26] Others are Sochi 2014: Ski Slopestyle Challenge for Androidoperating system and Sochi 2014: Olympic Games Resort for online social network Facebook.  HP 646578-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Olympic infrastructure is being constructed according to a Federal Target Program (FTP). In June 2009 the Games' organizers reported they are one year ahead in building the main Olympic facilities as compared to recent Olympic Games.[29]In November 2011 IOC President Jacques Rogge was in Sochi and concluded that the city has made significant progress since he last visited eighteen months earlier. HP Pavilion dv5-1020et Laptop CPU Cooling Fan According to the FTP, US$580 million would be spent on construction and modernization of telecommunications in the region.Avaya was named by the Sochi Organizing Committee as the official supplier of telecommunications equipment. Avaya provides the data network equipment, including switches, routers, security, telephones and contact-center systems. HP Pavilion dv5030 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan It provides engineers and technicians to design and test the systems, and works with other technology partners to provide athletes, dignitaries and fans information about the Games.[31][32] The 2014 Olympics is the first "fabric-enabled" Games using Shortest Path Bridging (SPB) technology.[33] The network is capable of handling up to 54,000 Gbit/s (54 Tbit/s) of traffic. Compaq Presario CQ61-416EG Laptop CPU Cooling Fan During the Games, the core networks of Rostelecom and Transtelekom are used.[35] In January 2012, the newest equipment for the television coverage of the Games arrived in the port of Adler. Prepared specifically for the Games, a team of regional specialists and the latest technology provide a qualitatively new level of television production in the region.[36] HP 532614-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The fiber-optic channel links Sochi between Adler and Krasnaya Polyana. The 46-kilometre-long (29 mi) channel enables videoconferencing and news reporting from the Olympics.[37] In November 2013, it was reported that the fiber-optic cable that was built by the Federal Communications Agency, Rossvyaz, had no operator. HP MCF-W13BM05 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan With Rostelecom and Megafon both refusing to operate it, the line was transferred to the ownership of the state enterprise Center of the IT world (Russian: Центр МИР ИТ).[38] Russian mobile phone operator Megafon expanded and improved Sochi's telecom infrastructure with over 700 new 2G/3G/4G cell towers. Sochi is the first Games to offer 4G connectivity at a speed of 10 MB/sec. HP Pavilion dv5-1174ca Laptop CPU Cooling Fan It has started to provide content delivery services to Russian state television and radio. The content delivery network of Megafon unites servers located in the major cities of Russia, into a single infrastructure that can speed up information from the Internet for users. CDN service allows major media companies to provide users quick access to content without interruption and delays when transferring large amounts of data. HP Pavilion dv7-3050ec Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Russian segment of the bandwidth of the CDN- network of MegaFon is about 250 Gbit/s.[39] MTS provide full coverage of the Sochi and the Krasnodar Territory, with network capacity doubled. In preparation for the Olympics, Tele2 Russia increased the number of base stations in Sochi and Krasnaya Polyana by 15% and the network capacity up to 70%, and provides 100% coverage of the Olympic facilities in the mountain cluster.[40] HP KSB06105HA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan HP 646578-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Rostelecom also built LTE 4th generation network. It covers an area of 40 km2 (15 sq mi) in the mountains and 50 km2 in the coastal clusters. The 4th generation is available in all major Olympic venues in the Imereti lowland and mountain cluster, as well as Sochi airport and in the Olympic Park.[41] The Russian Ministry of Communications, together with mobile operators organized internetwork roaming at Olympic venues. HP 489126-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan This measure allows subscribers access to the largest Russian operators at their standard fare to use the network of MegaFon, which has the exclusive right to work at Olympic venues. Russian Television and Radio Broadcasting Network (RTRS), the state operator of Russia's extensive broadcasting infrastructure, commissioned three mobile digital television broadcasting complexes. DELL Inspiron E1405 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Mobile systems can broadcast a signal to a radius of about 30 km (19 miles), depending on terrain. They are used as a backup transmitter, two multiplexes and two FM-radio stations in the event of a fault or power failure in fixed installations, as well as for the organization of video play-out.[42] On 11 December 2013 Rostelecom said it had completed its infrastructure for the games. DELL DFS541305MH0T Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The transport component of the infrastructure includes about 500 kilometres (310 miles) of fiber-optic communication lines linking 35 facilities. The main network's capacity has been increased to 140 Gbit/sec. The Olympic Information Technology Center was the core of the project, the largest IT facility for Sochi with an area of more than 2,000 square metres (0.5 acre). HP G62-341NR Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Center is aimed to process information flows, manage the Games' united network and integrate special solutions for each sport.[43] In January 2014, Rostelecom reported that it had connected the Olympic media center in Sochi to the Internet and organized channels of communication with the main media center of the Olympic Games in the coastal cluster and press center in Moscow. HP Pavilion dv6648el Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The media center was built at total cost of 17 million rubles. A five-year strategy for increasing the power supply of the Sochi region was presented by Russian energy experts during a seminar on 29 May 2009, held by the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee, and attended by International Olympic Committee (IOC) experts and officials from the Russian Ministry of Regional Development, HP Pavilion dv7-6151ed Laptop CPU Cooling Fan the Russian Ministry of Energy, the State Corporation Olimpstroy and the Krasnodar Krai administration.[46] According to the strategy, the capacity of the regional energy network increase by two and a half times by 2014, guaranteeing stable power supply during and after the Games. Power demand of Sochi in the end of May 2009 was 424 MW. Power demand of the Olympic infrastructure is expected to be about 340 MW. Toshiba Satellite P100-386 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Earlier plans also include building combined cycle (steam and gas) power stations near the cities of Tuapse and Novorossiysk and construction of a cable-wire powerline, partially on the floor of the Black Sea.[48] President Putin had instructed Alexander Novak, the country's Energy Minister to exert strict control over the energy system of Sochi to prevent possible power failures during the games.  HP G42-380LA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Sochi's electricity distribution network included 900 kilometres (560 mi) of cables and overhead transmission lines, as well as 500 substations. The transport infrastructure prepared to support the Olympics includes many roads, tunnels, bridges, interchanges, railroads and stations in and around Sochi. Among others, 8 flyovers, 102 bridges, tens of tunnels and a bypass route for heavy trucks — 367 km (228 miles) of roads were paved.[50]  HP G60-230us Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Sochi Light Metro is located between Adler and Krasnaya Polyana connecting the Olympic Park, Sochi International Airport, and the venues in Krasnaya Polyana. The existing 102 km (63-mile), Tuapse-to-Adler railroad was renovated to provide double track throughout, increasing capacity and enabling a reliable regional service to be provided and extending to the airport. HP KSB06105HA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In December 2009 Russian Railwaysordered 38 Siemens Mobility Desiro trains for delivery in 2013 for use during the Olympics, with an option for a further 16 which would be partly built in Russia.[52] Russian Railways established a high-speed Moscow-Adler link and a new railroad (more than 60 kilometres or 37 miles long) passing by the territory of Ukraine.[53] SONY Vaio VPC-EB1E0E Laptop CPU Cooling Fan At Sochi International Airport, a new terminal had been built along a 3.5 km (2.2-mile) runway extension, overlapping Mzymta River.[54] Backup airports were built in Gelendzhik, Mineralnye Vody and Krasnodar by 2009.[55] A new railway line was built to connect central Sochi and the local airport. The line is served by Lastochka trains;  Compaq Presario CQ70-220EO Laptop CPU Cooling Fan a new type of electric locomotive, based on the Siemens Desiro design, eveloped for commuting in the Russian environment. All Russian Railways facilities in Sochi have been built or retrofitted to accommodate disabled passengers.At the Port of Sochi, a new offshore terminal 1.5 km (0.93 mi) from the shore allows docking for cruise ships with capacities of 3,000 passengers.[56] HP Pavilion dv7-3060sb Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The cargo terminal of the seaport is to be moved from the centre of Sochi. Roadways have been detoured, some going around the construction site and others being cut off.[57] In May 2009, Russian Railways started the construction of tunnel complex No. 1 (the final total is six) on the combined road (automobile and railway) from Adler to Alpica Service Mountain Resort in the Krasnaya Polyana region. ACER Aspire 7720 Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Russian Railways president Vladimir Yakunin said the road construction would cost more than 200 billion rubles.[59] In addition, Sochi's railway stations were renovated. These are Dagomys, Sochi, Matsesta, Khosta, Lazarevskaya, and Loorailway stations. In Adler, a new railway station was built while the original building was preserved, and in the Olympic park cluster, SONY UDQF2PH52CF0 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan a new station was built from scratch, the Olympic Park railway station. Another new railway station was built in Estosadok, close to Krasnaya Polyana. New bus routes for the guests of the Olympics have begun operating in the city, stretching some 150 kilometres (93 mi) along the Black Sea coast. The buses run with 5-minute intervals during the Games. Compaq Presario CQ61-216TU Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Some 963 operate during the Olympics, while half of all the transport facilities will be used during the Paralympics. The guests will be able to board buses at transportation hubs, located near the railway station in the centre of Sochi and also in Matsesta, Khosta, and Adler neighborhoods, as well as in Krasnaya Polyana, Estosadok, Rosa Khutor Alpine Center, and near the Sliding Center Sanki. Toshiba Satellite A215-S5802 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Funds were spent on the construction of hotels for 10,300 guests.[61] The first of the Olympic hotels, Zvezdny (Stellar), is rebuilt anew.[62] Significant funds were spent on the construction of an advanced sewage treatment system in Sochi, designed by Olimpstroy. The system meets BREF standards and employs top available technologies for environment protection, including tertiary treatment with microfiltration.[63] Toshiba Satellite A210-1BC Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Six post offices were opened at competition venues, two of them in the main media centre in Olympic Park and in the mountain village of Estosadok. In addition to standard services, clients have access to unique services including two new products: "Fotomarka" and "Retropismo". Fotomarka gives the opportunity to get a stylized post block with eight souvenir stamps with one's own photos, using the services of a photographer in the office. DELL Inspiron 630m Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Retropismo service gives the customer to write their own stylus or pen on antique paper with further letters, winding string and wax seal affixing. All new postal items and Post Offices in Sochi will be working during the Olympics until late at night all week, and workers were trained to speak English.

The torch relay lasted 123 days and measured over 64,000 kilometres (40,000 mi) in length, excluding Earth orbits in space. ACER Travelmate 4152nlci Laptop CPU Cooling Fan

A total of 14,000 torch carriers took part in the relay. The Olympic flame was taken to the Caucasus’ tallest peak — Mount Elbrus, lowered to the bottom of Lake Baikal, and visited the North Pole and the International Space Station.[50]

On 29 September 2013, the Olympic torch was lit in Ancient Olympia, HP Pavilion dv6-3034tx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan

beginning a seven-day journey across Greece and on to Russia, then the torch relay started at Moscow on 7 October 2013 before passing 83 Russian cities and arriving at Sochi on the day of the opening ceremony, 7 February 2014.[65] It is the longest torch relay in Olympic history, a 40,000-mile route that passes through all regions of the country, from Kaliningrad in the west to Chukotka in the east. HP G62-107SA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan

The Olympic torch reached the North Pole for first time via a nuclear-powered icebreaker (50 Let Pobedy). The torch was also passed for the first time in space, though not lit for the duration of the flight for safety reasons, on flight Soyuz TMA-11Mto the International Space Station (ISS). The spacecraft itself was adorned with Olympic-themed livery including the Games' emblem. Russian cosmonauts Oleg Kotov and Sergey Ryazansky waved the torch on a spacewalk outside ISS.  HP G62-455TX Laptop CPU Cooling Fan

The torch returned to Earth five days later on board Soyuz TMA-09M.[66][67] The torch also reached the Europe's highest mountain Mount Elbrus, and even the depths of Siberia's Lake Baikal.The opening ceremony took place on February 7, 2014. More than 3,000 people from artistic groups participated in dance, ballet, acrobatic and circus performances during the opening ceremony which was watched by a 40,000 strong audience at Sochi's Fisht Olympic Stadium. HP 532617-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Figure skater Irina Rodnina and ice hockey player Vladislav Tretiak lit the torch. A record 88 nations qualified to compete,[70] which beat the previous record of 82 set at the previous Winter Olympics inVancouver. The number of athletes who qualified per country is listed below . Seven nations, HP Pavilion dv7-1157cl CPU Fan Dominica, Malta, Paraguay,Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, and Zimbabwe, are making their Winter Olympics debut.[71] Kristina Krone qualified to compete in her second consecutive games for Puerto Rico, but the island's Olympic Committee chose not to send her to compete again as they did in 2010.[72] Similarly, South Africa decided not to send alpine skier Sive Speelman to Sochi.[73] HP Pavilion dv6-3163eo CPU Fan Algeria also did not enter its only qualified athlete, Mehdi-Selim Khelifi. Security during the Games will is being handled by over 40,000 law enforcement officials, including police and the Russian Armed Forces.[103][104] A Presidential Decree signed by President Vladimir Putin took effect on 7 January, requiring that any protests and demonstrations in Sochi and the surrounding area through 21 March (the end of the Paralympics) be approved by the Federal Security Service.[105] HP Pavilion dv9740us CPU Fan For the duration of the decree, travel restrictions will also be in effect in and around Sochi: "controlled" zones, dubbed the "ring of steel" by the media, cover the Coastal and Mountain clusters which encompass all of the Games' venues and infrastructure, including transport hubs such as railway stations. To enter controlled areas, visitors must pass through security checkpoints with x-ray machines, metal detectors and explosive material scanners.[1HP COMPAQ NX9420 CPU Fan 06] Several areas are designated as "forbidden", including Sochi National Park and the border with Abkhazia.[105][107] An unmanned aerial vehicle squadron, along with S-400 and Pantsir-S1 air defense rockets will be used to protect Olympic airspace. Fourgunboats were also deployed on the Black Sea to protect the coastline.[108] A number of security organizations and forces began stationing in and around Sochi in January 2014; HP Pavilion dv7-4150ec CPU Fan Russia's Ministry of Emergency Situations (EMERCOM) was stationed in Sochi for the Games beginning on 7 January 2014.[109][110] A group of 10,000 Internal Troops of the Ministry of Interior will also provide security services during the Games.[111] In mid-January, 1,500 Siberian Regional Command troops were stationed in a military town near Krasnaya Polyana.[112] HP Pavilion dv5-1102tu CPU Fan A group of 400 cossacks in traditional uniforms are also present to accompany police patrols.[113][114] The 58th Army unit of the Russian Armed Forces, will defend theGeorgia-Russia border.[115] The United States also supplied Navy ships and other assets for security purposes. Organizers received several threats prior to the Games. SONY VGN-SZ220 CPU Fan In a July 2013 video release, Chechen Islamist commander Dokka Umarov called for attacks on the Games, stating that the Games were being staged "on the bones of many, many Muslims killed ...and buried on our lands extending to the Black Sea."[117] Threats were received from the group Vilayat Dagestan, which had claimed responsibility for the Volgograd bombings under the demands of UmarovHP Pavilion dv7-6011tx CPU Fan , and a number of National Olympic Committees had also received threats via e-mail, threatening that terrorists would kidnap or "blow up" athletes during the Games. However, while the IOC did state that the letters "[contained] no threat and appears to be a random message from a member of the public", the U.S. ski and snowboarding teams hired a private security agency to provide additional protection during the Games.[ HP Pavilion dv5-1040eb CPU Fan On 7 February 2014, during the opening ceremony, a Pegasus Airlines jetliner from Kharkiv, Ukraine, to Istanbul, Turkey, was threatened by a passenger claiming to have a bomb and wanting to hijack the plane to fly it to Sochi. The plane landed at its intended destination in Istanbul. The Ukrainian foreign ministry reported that the passenger was arrested, and no weapons or bombs were found aboard the plane. ASUS F3Jv CPU Fan The goal of the attempt was related to protesters being arrested during the Euromaidan protests in Ukraine. In most regions, broadcast rights to the 2014 Winter Olympics were packaged together with broadcast rights for the 2016 Summer Olympics, but some broadcasters obtained rights to further games as well. Domestic broadcast rights were sold by Sportfive to a consortium of three Russian broadcasters; IBM ThinkPad R50p 2887 CPU Fan Channel One, VGTRK, and NTV Plus.[123] In the United States, the 2014 Winter Olympics will be the first in a US$4.38 billion contract with NBC, extending its broadcast rights to the Olympic Games through 2020.[124] In Canada, after losing the 2010 and 2012 Games to CTV, the 2014 Winter Olympics will mark the return of the Olympics to CBC Television and French sister network Ici Radio-Canada Télé for the first time since 2008.[125] SONY VGN-CS36GJ/R CPU Fan In Australia, after all three major commercial networks pulled out of bidding on rights to both the 2014 and 2016 Games due to cost concerns, the IOC awarded broadcast rights to just the 2014 Winter Olympics to Network Ten for A$20 million. The lead-up to the Games were affected by numerous controversies and concerns; primarily concerning exploitation of workers engaged in Olympic construction; Toshiba Satellite A215-S4807 CPU Fan allegations of the illegal dumping of construction waste threatening residents' health and safety; evictions and displacement of residents to make way for Olympic venues; economic issues; and harassment of environmental and human rights activists and journalists who criticise Olympic preparations or thegovernment's anti-LGBT policies;[ Toshiba Satellite Pro M10-SP405 CPU Fan and disputes with Circassian nationalists, who demanded that the events be cancelled or moved unless Russia apologises for the 19th-century deaths, which Circassians regard to be a genocide. LGBT rights in Russia were a major concern leading up to the Games. In March 2012, the Russian government blocked the establishment of a Pride House in Sochi for the Games, HP Pavilion dv4-1120us CPU Fan ruling that it would "[lead] to propaganda of non-traditional sexual orientation which can undermine the security of Russian society", and that it contradicted with public morality and the country's policies "in the area of family motherhood and childhood protection."[138] The passing of a law in June 2013 banning the distribution of "propaganda of non-traditional sexual relations" to minors was criticized by LGBT rights activists, Compaq Presario C550EM CPU Fan human rights activists, and world leaders, for being a broad attempt to suppress LGBT culture in Russia. In particular, activists argued the law was too vague (Human Rights Campaign president Chad Griffin believed that even kissing a same-sex partner or displaying LGBT symbols like the rainbow flag in public was illegal under the law), attributed it to an increase in the level of homophobic violence in the country,[ Toshiba Qosmio E15-AV101 CPU Fan and considered it inconsistent with the Olympic Charter, which states that "[discrimination] on grounds of race, religion, politics, gender or otherwise is incompatible with belonging to the Olympic Movement."[144] On 16 February 2013, Italian LGBT activist Vladimir Luxuriaannounced that she had been briefly detained by Sochi police after carrying a rainbow flag that said "Gay is OK" in Russian.[145] Toshiba Satellite L645D-S4056 CPU Fan Although the IOC and Russian President Vladimir Putin both guaranteed the safety of LGBT athletes and spectators during the Games,[146] Olympic protests of Russian anti-gay laws were held and there were calls to boycott the Games,[134][147] although a writer for the Financial Times felt that a boycott would have been counter-productive, as there was no boycott of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing despite China's poor human rights record.[148] Toshiba Satellite A305-S6837 CPU Fan In early February 2014, a group of 40 major human and LGBT rights organizations sent a joint letter to the ten Worldwide Olympic Partner companies, urging them to support the rights of LGBT people under the Olympic Charter, and pressure the IOC to show greater scrutiny towards the human rights abuses of future host countries.[149] On 3 February 2014, HP Pavilion dv7-4087cl CPU Fan AT&T, a supporter of the United States Olympic Committee, issued a statement in support of LGBT rights at the Games, becoming the first major Olympic advertiser to condemn Russia's policies.[150] A number of world leaders, including Barack Obama, David Cameron, François Hollande and Stephen Harper, declined to attend the Opening Ceremony as national delegates. HP Pavilion dv5-1118es CPU Fan Although they denied their decisions were for political reasons, there was speculation it may had been a symbolic boycott related to the anti-LGBT laws. In response to the controversy, the U.S. appointed Billie Jean King and Caitlin Cahow, who are both openly gay, as its delegation instead. Although he stressed diversity and made no reference to the controversy when announcing them, Toshiba Satellite A665-S6050 CPU Fan U.S. president Barack Obama confirmed the intent of the selections in an interview prior to the games, stating that "there is no doubt we wanted to make it very clear that we do not abide by discrimination in anything, including discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation."[154][155] Although the U.S. government was praised by HRC for the decision, a writer for The Washington Post has since noted that, though not to the same extent as the Russian law, HP Pavilion G72-259WM CPU Fan eight U.S. states (including Utah, which hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics) have laws regulating or banning the coverage of homosexuality in school sex education classes. Some Circassian organisations have objected to the Games being held on land their ancestors held until 1864,[157][158] HP Pavilion dv6-3109ca  CPU  Fan when most of them were vanquished at the end of the Russian-Circassian War (1763–1864), in what they consider to be ethnic cleansing or genocide. The Games also coincide with the 150th anniversary of this event.[159][160] They demanded the Games be cancelled or moved unless Russia apologises.[161] Some Circassian groups accepted the Olympics, and argued that symbols of Circassian history and culture should be featured, HP Pavilion dv6782eg CPU Fan as Australia, the United States and Canada did for their indigenous cultures in 2000, 2002, and 2010 respectively.[162] The Games use of Krasnaya Polyana as a site for skiing and snowboarding events was also considered controversial to Circassians, as Krasnaya Polyana (which translates to "Red Hill" or "Red Glade"), was named for a group of Circassians who were defeated in a bloody battle with Russians while attempting to return home over it in 1864. SONY UDQF2PH52CF0 CPU Fan While Olympic Games typically have high cost overruns, for the 2014 Games they are much higher than usual, with the costs being more than all the previous 21 Winter Olympics combined.[165] Allison Stewart of the Saïd Business School at Oxford, notes that relations between the government and construction companies appear closer in Sochi than in other games.[166] Toshiba UDQFRPH33CCM CPU Fan Oligarch Arkady Rotenberg has won contracts worth $7.4 billion.[166] In a press conference, IOC president Thomas Bach defended the high costs of the Games, stating that the costs were in line with previous Olympics, but that the additional costs were a "long-term investment" into making Sochi a year-round resort and winter sports complex.[167] Toshiba Satellite A505-S6980 CPU Fan Criticism also surfaced over the quality and availability of accommodation in Sochi during the final weekend before the Games. Due to contractors failing to meet deadlines, along with inclement weather, three of the nine hotels for accredited media were left with unfinished rooms. Journalists reported various issues, including rooms that were unclean, no working water, discoloured tap water, and missing furniture or amenities. HP Pavilion dv7-2025es CPU Fan Executive Director Gilbert Felli stated that the rooms would be finished by 5 February, while Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Kozak noted that the media hotels just needed a "final cleaning".TOSHIBA Satellite L300 CPU Fan,HP G62-a10EJ CPU Fan,Dell MF60100V1-Q000-G99 CPU Fan,DELL R859C CPU Fan

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