Saturday, March 1, 2014
The Midvale Slag site is a 446-acre
The Midvale Slag site is a 446-acre (180 ha) site adjacent to 6,800 feet (2,100 m) of the Jordan River. From 1871 to 1958, the site contained five separate smelters that processed ores from Kennecott and other mines. The site was contaminated with lead, arsenic, chromium, andcadmium. Cleanup of the property is complete, although the Jordan River Riparian Project still underway as of 2010.[97HP Pavilion dv6-3126ea Laptop CPU Cooling Fan ]Sharon Steel was a 460-acre (190 ha) site adjacent to 4,500 feet (1,400 m) of the Jordan River which was used, from 1902 to 1971, for smelting copper from Kennecott Copper Mine. The site was contaminated with lead, arsenic, iron, manganese, andzinc. Cleanup has been completed, and the site taken off the Superfund list in 2004. HP 532613-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Vitro Uranium Mill was a 128-acre (52 ha) site located in South Salt Lake, surrounded by the Jordan River, Mill Creek, a small wetland and traversed by the South Vitro Ditch. The site, operational from 1953 to 1964, contained a uranium mill and storage for uranium. In 1989, surface contamination cleanup was completed with tailings, HP Pavilion dv6-3300ss Laptop CPU Cooling Fan radioactively contaminated soil material, and debris removed from the site. However, 700,000,000 US gallons (2,600,000 m3) of contaminated shallow ground water still remain, and studies are underway to determine what action should be taken. The Jordan River Parkway was originally proposed in 1971 as a flood control measure with two reservoirs, IBM Lenovo Thinkpad W500 Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan restoration of wetlands, shoreline roads for cars, walking trails, and parks. By 1986, $18 million had been used to purchase lands around the Jordan River and to construct the Murray Golf Course, several smaller parks and about 4 miles (6.4 km) of canoe runs and trails. As of 2010, the majority of the 40-mile (64 km) continuous mixed-use trail has been finished from Utah Lake to the Davis County border. HP 646578-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan A water trail for canoeing and kayaking is also being constructed, but dams, bridges,weirs and other obstacles hamper the use of the river. Riverside parks include the International Peace Gardens, 8.5 acres (3.4 ha) of gardens with each garden representing a different country; HP Pavilion dv5-1020et Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Redwood Nature Area, about 50 acres (20 ha) of natural areas; South Jordan's Riverfront Park, 59 acres (24 ha) of trails, fishing ponds and natural areas; Thanksgiving Point, including 15 themed gardens spread over 59 acres (24 ha) and a 200-acre (81 ha) 18-hole golf course; and Utah County's Willow Park, 50 acres (20 ha) of camping and wildlife areas. HP Pavilion dv5030 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a widespread freshwater fish of eutrophic waters in lakes and large rivers in Europeand Asia. The wild populations are considered vulnerable to extinction, but the species has also been domesticated and introduced into environments worldwide, and is often considered a very destructive invasive species, Compaq Presario CQ61-416EG Laptop CPU Cooling Fan being included in theList of the world's 100 worst invasive species. It gives its name to the carp family: Cyprinidae. The common carp is native to Asia, and has been introduced to every part of the world with the exception of the Middle East and the poles. HP 532614-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The original common carp was found in the inland delta of the Danube River about 2000 years ago, and was torpedo-shaped and golden-yellow in colour. It had two pairs of barbels and a mesh-like scale pattern. Although this fish was initially kept as an exploited captive, it was later maintained in large, specially built ponds by the Romans in south-central Europe HP Pavilion dv5-1020et Laptop CPU Cooling Fan (verified by the discovery of common carp remains in excavated settlements in the Danube delta area). As aquaculture became a profitable branch of agriculture, efforts were made to farm the animals, and the culture systems soon included spawning and growing ponds. The common carp's native range also extends to the Black Sea, Caspian Sea and Aral Sea. HP 646578-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Both European and Asian subspecies have been domesticated. In Europe, domestication of carp as food fish was spread by monks between the 13th and 16th centuries. The wild forms of carp had reached the delta of the Rhine in the 12th century already, probably also with some human help. HP Pavilion dv5-1020et Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Variants that have arisen with domestication include the mirror carp, with large, mirror-like scales (linear mirror – scaleless except for a row of large scales that run along the lateral line; originating in Germany), the leather carp (virtually unscaled except near dorsal fin), and the fully scaled carp. Koi carp (錦鯉 (nishikigoi) in Japanese, HP Pavilion dv5030 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan 鯉魚 (pinyin: lĭ yú) in Chinese) is a domesticated ornamental variety that originated in the Niigata region of Japan in the 1820s. They also invaded the Great Lakes in 1896 when the area near Newmarket, Ontario, flooded and allowed them to escape into the Holland River. Wild common carp are typically slimmer than domesticated forms, with body length about four times body height, Compaq Presario CQ61-416EG Laptop CPU Cooling Fan red flesh, and a forward-protruding mouth. Their average growth rate by weight is about half the growth rate of domesticated carp They do not reach the lengths and weights of domesticated carp, which (range, 3.2–4.8 times) can grow to a maximum length of 120 centimetres (47 in), a maximum weight of over 40 kilograms (88 lb), HP 532614-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan and an oldest recorded age of 65 years, but reliable information seems to exist about nishikigoi of over 100 years. The largest recorded carp, caught by an angler in January 2010 at Lac de curtons (Rainbow Lake) near Bordeaux, France, weighed 42.6 kilograms (94 lb). The largest recorded carp, caught by British angler, Colin Smith, in 2013 at Etang La Saussaie Fishery, HP MCF-W13BM05 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan France, weighed 45.59 kilograms (100.5 lb). The average size of the common carp is around 40–80 cm (15.75-31.5 inches) and 2–14 kg (4.5-31 lb). Although tolerant of most conditions, common carp prefer large bodies of slow or standing water and soft, vegetative sediments. As schooling fish, they prefer to be in groups of five or more. HP Pavilion dv5-1174ca Laptop CPU Cooling Fan They naturally live intemperate climates in fresh or slightly brackish water with a pH of 6.5–9.0 and salinity up to about 0.5%,and temperatures of 3 to 35°C. The ideal temperature is 23 to 30°C, with spawning beginning at 17–18°C; they easily survive winter in a frozen-over pond, as long as some free water remains below the ice.[16HP Pavilion dv7-3050ec Laptop CPU Cooling Fan ] Carp are able to tolerate water with very low oxygen levels, by gulping air at the surface. Common carp are omnivorous. They can eat a herbivorous diet of water plants, but prefer to scavenge the bottom for insects, crustaceans (including zooplankton), crawfish, and benthic worms. An egg-layer, a typical adult female can lay 300,000 eggs in a single spawn. HP KSB06105HA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Although carp typically spawn in the spring, in response to rising water temperatures and rainfall, carp can spawn multiple times in a season. In commercial operations, spawning is often stimulated using a process called hypophysation, where lyophilized pituitary extract is injected into the fish. HP 646578-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The pituitary extract contains gonadotropic hormones which stimulate gonad maturation and sex steroid production, ultimately promoting reproduction. A single carp can lay over a million eggs in a year, yet their population remains the same, so the eggs and young perish in similarly vast numbers. Eggs and fry often fall victim to bacteria, fungi, and the vast array of tiny predators in the pond environment. HP 489126-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Carp which survive to juvenile are preyed upon by other fish such as the northern pike and largemouth bass, and a number of birds (including cormorants, herons, goosanders, and ospreys) and mammals (includingotter and mink). Common carp have been introduced, sometimes illegally, to most continents and some 59 countries. DELL Inspiron E1405 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Due to their fecundity and their feeding habit of grubbing through bottom sediments for food, they are notorious for altering their environments. In feeding, they may destroy, uproot, disturb and eat submerged vegetation, causing serious damage to native duck, such ascanvasbacks, and fish populations. DELL DFS541305MH0T Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Similar to the grass carp, the vegetation they consume is not completely digested, and rots after excretion, raising the nutritional level of the water and causing exsessive algae growth. They destroy nests of other fish and eat their eggs, reducing their numbers significantly. HP G62-341NR Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Efforts to eradicate a small colony from Tasmania's Lake Crescent without using chemicals have been successful, but the long-term, expensive and intensive undertaking is an example of both the possibility and difficulty of safely removing the species once it is established. One proposal, regarded as environmentally questionable, HP Pavilion dv6648el Laptop CPU Cooling Fan is to control common carp by deliberate exposing them to carp-specific Koi herpes virus with its high mortality rate. In Utah Lake, the common carp's population is expected to be reduced by 75% by using nets to catch millions of them and either give them to people who will eat them or processing them into fertilizer. HP Pavilion dv7-6151ed Laptop CPU Cooling Fan This, in turn, will give the native June sucker a chance to recover its declining population. Another method is by trapping them in tributaries they use to spawn with seine nets and exposing them to rotenone. This method has shown to reduce their impact within 24 hours and greatly increase the native vegetation and desirable fish species. Toshiba Satellite P100-386 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan This also leaves the baby carp easily preyed upon by native fish. In Australia, enormous anecdotal and mounting scientific evidence indicates introduced carp are the cause of permanent turbidity and loss of submergent vegetation in the Murray-Darling river system, with severe consequences for river ecosystems, water quality and native fish species.[20 HP G42-380LA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan ] In Victoria, Australia, common carp has been declared as noxious fish species, the quantity a fisher can take is unlimited. In South Australia, it is an offence for this species to be released back to the wild. An Australian company converts common carp into plant fertilizer. Common carp were brought to the United States in 1831. HP G60-230us Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In the late 19th century, they were distributed widely throughout the country by the government as a food-fish, but they are no longer prized as a food-fish. As in Australia, their introduction has been shown to have negative environmental consequences, and they are usually considered to be invasive species. HP KSB06105HA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Millions of dollars are spent annually by natural resource agencies to control common carp populations in the United States. Common carp are believed to have been introduced into the Canadian province of British Columbia from Washington. They were first noted in the Okanagan Valley in 1912, as was their rapid growth in population. SONY Vaio VPC-EB1E0E Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Carp are currently distributed in the lower Columbia (Arrow Lakes), lower Kootenay, Kettle (Christina Lake), and throughout the Okanagan system. Cyprinus carpio is the number one fish of aquaculture. The annual tonnage of common carp, not to mention the other cyprinids, produced in China alone exceeds the weight of all other fish, such as trout and salmon, produced by aquaculture worldwide. Compaq Presario CQ70-220EO Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Roughly three million tonnes are produced annually, accounting for 14% of all farmed freshwater fish in 2002. China is by far the largest commercial producer, accounting for about 70% of carp production. Carp is eaten in many parts of the world both when caught from the wild and raised in aquaculture. HP Pavilion dv7-3060sb Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In Central Europe, it is a traditional part of a Christmas Evedinner. The carp as Christmas food was the first mentioned by William of Rubruck, who ate it on the Christmas dinner on the court of Mongol khan Möngke in year 1253. Many people in Poland, Germany, Czech Republic, ACER Aspire 7720 Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Slovakia and Hungary buy a live carp and bring it home three or two days before Christmas Eve. It is kept one or two days in a bathtub, and then killed. Traditional Czech Christmas Eve dinner is thick soup of carp's head and offal, fried carp meat with potato salad or boiled carp in black sauce. SONY UDQF2PH52CF0 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In some Czech families, the carp is not killed, but after Christmas returned to a river or pond. Slovak Christmas Eve dinner is quite similar with soup varying according to the region and fried carp as the main dish. In Western Europe, the carp is cultured more commonly as a sport fish, although there is a small market as food fish. Compaq Presario CQ61-216TU Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Carp are mixed with other common fish to make gefilte fish, popular in Jewish cuisine. Common carp are extremely popular with anglers in many parts of Europe, and their popularity as quarry is slowly increasing among anglers in the United States (though destroyed as pests in many areas), and southern Canada. Toshiba Satellite A215-S5802 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Carp are also popular with spear, bow, and fly fishermen. The Romans farmed carp and this pond culture continued through the monasteries of Europe and to this day. In China, Korea and Japan, carp farming took place as early as the Yayoi Period (c. 300 BC – 300 AD). Toshiba Satellite A210-1BC Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Carp eggs used for caviar is an increasing popularity in the United States. Taylorsville is a city in Salt Lake County, Utah, United States. It is part of the Salt Lake City, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 58,657 at the 2010 census. Taylorsville was incorporated from the Taylorsville-Bennion CDP and portions of the Kearns CDP on April 24, 1996. DELL Inspiron 630m Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The city is located adjacent to interstate 215 and Bangerter Highway. It is centrally located in the middle of the Salt Lake Valley. The area called Taylorsville today is made up of three historic communities in the central part of Salt Lake County: Taylorsville, Bennion, and Kearns. ACER Travelmate 4152nlci Laptop CPU Cooling Fan These communities incorporated through a vote of the people with over 70 percent approval in September 1995. The city officially became the City of Taylorsville during the centennial anniversary of Utah's statehood in 1996. The land on which Taylorsville is located is part of an interconnected alluvial plain that was formed by the wearing down of the Wasatch and Oquirrh Mountains to the east and west. HP Pavilion dv6-3034tx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Beneath the surface Taylorsville sits on more than a kilometer of unconsolidated rock, sand, and clay. The inactive Taylorsville Fault has been traced down the center of the Salt Lake Valley. Lake Bonneville shaped the topography of the area and deposited lake bottom clay and sand. As Lake Bonneville dried up over the past 14,000 years, the salt from the breakdown of rock remains, making the soil alkaline. HP G62-107SA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Like most desert soils, it has little organic material and is hard to work. A broad, east-west running ridge called "Bennion Hill" rises perhaps a hundred and fifty feet above the surrounding area. Bennion Hill is the eastern end of a wide ridge which rises toward Farnsworth Peak in the Oquirrh Mountains to the west. HP G62-455TX Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The first (unnamed) people in the region appeared during or after the last ice age on the shores of what remained of Lake Bonneville. Less than five miles (8 km) from Taylorsville evidence of people killing and eating a mammoth have been found. Some of this region’s first named visitors were Fremont people who used the area to hunt and gather food along the Jordan River more than a thousand years ago. HP 532617-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan A large Fremont settlement on City Creek used the land where Taylorsville is located as hunting and foraging especially along the river. In more recent times Ute bands passed through the valley between the marshes of the Great Salt Lake and Utah Valley. Most of the area was dry sagebrush-covered land without any natural water sources except the Jordan River. HP Pavilion dv6-1101au CPU Fan A well-used Ute trail wound along the west side of the river at approximately 1300 West which the Ute used in spring and fall. Early settlers observed small encampments of Ute in the cottonwoods along the Jordan River. At least one local settler called these people the "Yo-No'". Whether the name is his own creation or an approximation of something they said is unknown. HP Pavilion dv7-3190ev CPU Fan There are poorly documented suggestions that Spanish missionaries, soldiers, and explorers came through the area beginning in the mid-1600s. The whole region was called "Teguayo" and "Lake Copalla" (Utah Lake) appear on maps of Spanish Nuevo Mexico. Spanish and then Mexican land claims remained until the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo which ended the HP Pavilion dv7-1157cl CPU Fan Mexican War in 1853 and ceded the whole of northern Mexico to the United States including a few thousand Mormon settlers who had taken up residence in July 1847.