Saturday, April 4, 2015

The records show that the Islamic State

ISIS members captured by the FSA have claimed that they were directed to commit attacks by Syrian government operatives.
Rand Paul, the junior Senator from Kentucky, accused the US government of allying with ISIL in the Syrian Civil War by arming their allies and fighting their enemies in that country.519520   LENOVO AEQA1STU010 laptop keyboard
Abu Yusaf, a commander of the ISIL, said in August 2014 that many of the Free Syrian Army members who had been trained by United States' and Turkish and Arab military officers were now actually joining ISIL.521 In September 2014, some US-backed Syrian rebels and ISIL signed a "non-aggression" agreement.A UN report estimated a total of 15,000 fighters from over 80 countries in ISIL's ranks as of November 2014.52 Lenovo 3000 G530 4151 laptop keyboard
4 US intelligence estimated an increase to around 20,000 foreign fighters in February 2015, including 3,400 from Western countries.Statistics gathered by nation indicate up to: 3,000 from Tunisia,526527 2,500 from Saudi Arabia,526527 1,700 from Russia,5281,500 from Jordan,527 1,500 from Morocco,527 1,200 from France,527 1,000 from Turkey,529 900 from Lebanon,527COMPAQ Presario CQ40-133TU laptop keyboard
650 from Germany,530 600 from the United Kingdom,526527 600 from Libya,527 500 from Uzbekistan,527 500 from Pakistan,527 440 from Belgium,527 360 from Turkmenistan,527 360 from Egypt,527 350 from Serbia,531 330 from Bosnia,527 300 from China,532 300 from Kosovo,533 300 from Sweden,534 250 from Australia,535 250 from Kazakhstan,527 Lenovo 3000 Y500 laptop keyboard
250 from the Netherlands,527 200 from Austria,536 200 from Algeria,527 190 from Tajikistan,527 180 from the United States,525 150 from Norway,537 150 from Denmark,527 140 from Albania,531 130 from Canada,538 120 from Israel/Palestine,527 110 from Yemen,527 100 from Sudan,527 100 from Kyrgyzstan,527 100 from Spain,539 80 from Italy,527 HP Mini 110-3519la laptop keyboard
70 from Somalia,527 70 from Kuwait,527 70 from Finland,527 50 from Ukraine,527 40 from Switzerland,527 30 from Ireland,527 and 18 from India.ISIL relies mostly on captured weapons. Major sources are Saddam Hussein's Iraqi stockpiles from the 2003–11 Iraq insurgency541 and weapons from government and opposition forces fighting in the Syrian Civil War and during the post-US withdrawal Iraqi insurgency. HP COMPAQ 486654-001 laptop keyboard
The captured weapons, including armour, guns, surface-to-air missiles, and even some aircraft, enabled rapid territorial growth and facilitated the capture of additional equipment.
The group has a long history of using truck and car bombs, suicide bombers, and IEDs, and has used chemical weapons in Iraq and Syria. TOSHIBA Satellite L755-S5357 laptop keyboard
ISIL captured nuclear materials from Mosul University in July 2014, but is unlikely to be able to turn them into weapons.ISIL is known for its extensive and effective use of propaganda.545546 It uses a version of the Muslim Black Standard flag and developed an emblem which has clear symbolic meaning in the Muslim world.547SONY N860-7676-T101 laptop keyboard
In November 2006, shortly after the group's rebranding as the "Islamic State of Iraq", the group established the al-Furqan Institute for Media Production, which produces CDs, DVDs, posters, pamphlets, and web-related propaganda products.548 ISIL's main media outlet is the I'tisaam Media Foundation,549 which was formed in March 2013 and distributes through the Global Islamic Media Front (GIMF).550 DELL E141395 laptop keyboard
When ISIL announced it's expansion to other countries in November 2014 it established media departments for the new branches, and it's media apparatus ensured that the new branches follow the same models it uses in Iraq and Syria.In 2014, ISIL established the al-Hayat Media Centre, which targets a Western audience and produces material in English, German, Russian and French.5HP 518965-001 laptop keyboard
Also in 2014, ISIL launched the Ajnad Media Foundation, which releases jihadist audio chants.554 In December 2014, FBI Director James Comey stated that ISIL's "propaganda is unusually slick. They are broadcasting... in something like 23 languages".From July 2014, al-Hayat began publishing a digital magazine called Dabiq, in a number of different languages including English. Lenovo ThinkPad Edge E520 laptop keyboard
According to the magazine, its name is taken from the town of Dabiq in northern Syria, which is mentioned in a hadith aboutArmageddon.ISIL's use of social media has been described by one expert as "probably more sophisticated than that of most US companies".545557 It regularly takes advantage of social media, particularly Twitter, to distribute its message by organising hashtag campaigns, encouraging Tweets on popular hashtags, LENOVO IdeaPad S10 20015 laptop keyboard
and utilising software applications that enable ISIL propaganda to be distributed automatically via its supporters' accounts.558559 Another comment is that "ISIS puts more emphasis on social media than other jihadi groups... They have a very coordinated social media presence."560 In August 2014, Twitter administrators shut down a number of accounts associated with ISIL. DELL Inspiron N4050 laptop keyboard
ISIL recreated and publicised new accounts the next day, which were also shut down by Twitter administrators.561 The group has attempted to branch out into alternative social media sites, such as Quitter, Friendica and Diaspora; Quitter and Friendica, however, almost immediately worked to remove ISIL's presence from their sites.562HP Mini 1151NR laptop keyboard
In a switch from its former practices, ISIL's media arm imposed a social media blackout on 27 September 2014, fearing that tweets and posts would give away military positions.563 ISIL has also attempted to present a more "rational argument" in its series of "press release/discussions" performed by hostage/captive John Cantlie and posted on YouTube.  SONY KFRMBA220A laptop keyboard
In one "Cantlie presentation", various current and former US officials were quoted, such as US PresidentBarack Obama and former CIA Officer Michael Scheuer.
In 2014, the RAND Corporation carried out a study of 200 documents — personal letters, expense reports and membership rosters — which had been captured fromIslamic State of Iraq (al-Qaeda in Iraq).565 HP Pavilion DV7-3078nr laptop keyboard
It found that from 2005 until 2010, outside donations amounted to only 5% of the group's operating budgets, with the rest being raised within Iraq.565 In the time period studied, cells were required to send up to 20% of the income generated from kidnapping, extortion rackets and other activities to the next level of the group's leadership. Higher-ranking commanders would then redistribute the funds to provincial or local cells that were in difficulties or needed money to conduct attacks.56Toshiba Satellite L550-20W CPU Fan
5 The records show that the Islamic State of Iraq was dependent on members from Mosul for cash, which the leadership used to provide additional funds to struggling militants in Diyala, Salahuddin and Baghdad.565
In mid-2014, Iraqi intelligence obtained information from an ISIL operative which revealed that the organisation had assets worth US$2 billion,566 making it the richest jihadist group in the world.567 SONY Vaio VPC-EB3E1R/BQ CPU Fan
About three-quarters of this sum is said to be represented by assets seized after the group captured Mosul in June 2014; this includes possibly up to US$429 million looted from Mosul's central bank, along with additional millions and a large quantity of gold bullion stolen from a number of other banks in Mosul.568569 However, doubt was later cast on whether ISIL was able to retrieve anywhere near that sum from the central bank,570 and even on whether the bank robberies had actually occurred.571Dell Precision M4500 CPU Fan
Exporting oil from oilfields captured by ISIL brings in tens of millions of dollars.179572 One US Treasury official has estimated that ISIL earns US$1 million a day from the export of oil. Much of the oil is sold illegally in Turkey.573 Dubai-based energy analysts have put the combined oil revenue from ISIL's Iraqi-Syrian production as high as US$3 million per day.574 ISIL also extracts wealth through taxation and extortion.573HP G71-340US CPU Fan
Today, the majority of the group's funding comes from the production and sale of energy. It controls around 300 oil wells in Iraq alone. At its peak, it operated 350 oil wells in Iraq, but lost 45 to foreign airstrikes. It has captured 60% of Syria's total production capacity. About one fifth of its total capacity is in operation. ISIL earned US$2.5 million a day by selling 50,000–60,000 barrels of oil daily.573575Toshiba Satellite L675D-S7016 CPU Fan
Foreign sales rely on a long-standing black market to export via Turkey. Many of the smugglers and corrupt Turkish border guards who helped Saddam Hussein to evade sanctions are helping ISIL to export oil and import cash.575576577 Energy sales include selling electric power from captured power plants in northern Syria; some of this electricity is reportedly sold back to the Syrian government.578HP Pavilion dv5-2135dx CPU Fan
Sales of artifacts may be the second largest source of funding for ISIL, according to an article in Newsweek. More than a third of Iraq's important sites are under ISIL's control. It looted the 9th century BC grand palace of the Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II at Kalhu. Tablets, manuscripts and cuneiforms were sold, worth hundreds of millions of dollars.  HP Envy 17-3000er CPU Fan
Stolen artefacts are smuggled into Turkey and Jordan. Abdulamir al-Hamdani, an archaeologist from SUNY Stony Brook, has said that ISIL is "looting... the very roots of humanity, artifacts from the oldest civilizations in the world".The group routinely practices extortion, by demanding money from truck drivers and threatening to blow up businesses, for example.  HP Envy 17 Series CPU Fan
Robbing banks and gold shops has been another source of income.247 The Iraq government indirectly finances ISIS, as they continue to pay the salaries of the thousands of government employees who continue to work in areas controlled by ISIS, which then confiscates as much as half of those Iraqi government employees' pay.
ISIL is widely reported as receiving funding from private donors in the Gulf states,58HP 532614-001 CPU Fan
and the governments of Iraq and Iran have repeatedly accused Saudi Arabia and Qatar of financing and supporting the group. Ahead of the conference of the US-led anti-ISIL coalition held in Paris in September 2014, France's foreign minister acknowledged that a number of countries at the table had "very probably" financed ISIL's advances.582
Although Iran and Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki have accused Saudi Arabia and Qatar of funding the group,5HP Envy 17-3000er CPU Fan
there is reportedly no evidence that this is the case.123586587588 However, according to The Atlantic, ISIL may have been a major part of Saudi Arabian Bandar bin Sultan's covert-ops strategy in Syria.589
Unregistered charity organisations are used as fronts to pass funds to ISIL. As they use aliases on Facebook'sWhatsApp and Kik, the individuals and organisations are untraceable.  HP KSB06105HA CPU Fan
Donations transferred to fund ISIL's operations are disguised as "humanitarian charity". Saudi Arabia has imposed a blanket ban on unauthorised donations destined for Syria as the only means of stopping such funding.575
Since 2012, ISIL has produced annual reports giving numerical information on its operations, somewhat in the style of corporate reports, seemingly in a bid to encourage potential donors.545590HP 493001-001 CPU Fan
On 11 November 2014, ISIL announced its intent to mint its own gold, silver, and copper coins, based on the coinage used by the Umayyad Caliphate in the 7th century. Following the announcement, the group began buying up gold, silver, and copper in markets throughout northern and western Iraq, according to precious metal traders in the area. Toshiba BFB0605HA CPU Fan
Members of the group also reportedly began stripping the insulation off electrical power cables to obtain the copper wiring.591592 The announcement included designs of the proposed coins, which displayed imagery including a map of the world, a sword and shield, the Al-Aqsa Mosque, and a crescent moon. Economics experts, such as Professor Steven H. HP Pavilion dv5-1174ca CPU Fan
Hanke of Johns Hopkins University, were sceptical of the plans.592593 See also Modern gold dinar. Toshiba Satellite A110-101 CPU Fan,HP Pavilion dv5-1174ca CPU Fan,HP 535442-001 CPU Fan

No comments:

Post a Comment